Solid-State Batteries are the Next Big Thing in Electric Vehicles
The electric vehicles or EVs sales are exponentially growing as results from the increase in worldwide demands. A research study was conducted by the highly reputable consulting firm, Frost & Sullivan.
Their report shows EVs possible staggering tenfold growth in total worldwide sales by 2025. The 2017 total sales reached 1.2 million units. This 2018, it is estimated to have a total of 1.6 million and by 2019, it would climb to 2 million.
The country who led the market share was China taking 49.5%, next is Europe with 25.6%, while US is about 6% and the remaining shares are divided among other countries. At this standpoint, China would still continue to have the biggest global market share for at least 5 to 7 years.
By 2020, it is estimated that UK government will no longer need to regulate EVs pricing and its costs could be the same as buying conventional vehicles today.
What is Solid–State Battery
Solid–state battery is the new battery technology that consists of solid electrolytes and electrodes. It has the characteristic to withstand higher temperature levels and capable to have a much higher energy density. It doesn’t use liquid electrolytes hence why it is much safer.
The solid–state battery technology has a faster charging time with higher voltage storage capacity and longer cycle life. There are already a number of automaker companies eagerly waiting for it to be commercially available.
Solid–State Batteries Vs Lithium–Ion Batteries
Most rechargeable batteries in laptops, smartphones and other electronic devices use lithium–ion or liquid electrolytes.
When liquid electrolytes are heated up to a temperature of 150 °C or 302 °F, the battery will most likely be in flames or release a lot of heat that will damage other parts or electronic components. Liquid electrolytes are flammable by nature hence why there are toxic and safety issues.
While solid electrolytes can be heated up over 400 °C or 752 °F and it still would not catch on fire. Solid–state battery will recharge faster, last longer, better overall performance and much safer.
The lithium–ion batteries are flammable and highly prone to combustion or overheating. While, solid–state batteries preserves lithium–ion elements into a non–flammable state.
The future EVs will be fitted in with solid–state batteries. EVs will be emission–free, quiet, safe, powered with fast-charging and longer mileage. Solid–state batteries will not only be the next big thing for electric vehicles but also for smartphones and electronic devices.